Stage 4 Mesothelioma
Do you know Stage 4 mesothelioma? This stage is the most terrible phase. In Phase 4, cancer has spread to other organs, and the prognosis is very low. The life expectancy of patients diagnosed with Stage 4 mesothelioma is usually less than one year.
Defining Stage 4 Mesothelioma
Typically, for mapping or classifying the severity of a disease using four stages. The most prominent sign of Stage 4 mesothelioma is that cancer has spread beyond the point of origin. This condition, known as metastasis, meaning that the cancer cells are found throughout the body, including the lymph nodes and other organs. This is the stage at the end in the sense that cancer had been attacked in some other areas. Surgery is not any further use. This stage is very severe stage in which the cancer has invaded organs in other parts, not just in the chest far away from the point of origin of cancer to grow.
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Stage 4 Mesothelioma Symptoms
Stage 4 mesothelioma symptoms are usually quite severe and often spread to the whole body, not confined within the area where the cancer was first developed.
Common symptoms of Stage 4 mesothelioma include:
- Difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath (dyspnea).
- Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
- Pain and tightness in the chest
- Night sweats and fever
- Abdominal pain and discomfort
- Accumulation of fluid within the chest or abdomen
- Hemoptysis (coughing up blood)
- Weight loss
Prognosis for Stage 4 Mesothelioma
The average life span for patients diagnosed with Stage 4 mesothelioma is approximately 12 months. In most cases, cancer will continue to spread, resulting in respiratory or cardiac failure. The life expectancy of a patient may vary, depending on age, gender, and overall health, as well as the location of mesothelioma, types of cells, and other factors.
Stage 4 Mesothelioma Treatment Protocols
In most cases, Stage 4 mesothelioma cannot be successfully treated. Therefore, treatment is generally limited to palliative care, which means that it focuses on reducing pain and discomfort and improves the quality of life. Conventional multimodality treatment plan that combines surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy is as a rule not used for patients with Stage 4 mesothelioma. However, sometimes used to relieve pain and discomfort. Surgery can remove one or more tumours, which can help relieve the symptoms. Other procedures, such as thoracentesis may remove fluid to relieve the discomfort. Chemotherapy can reduce pain in some patients, but can also have a considerable risk in Stage 4. In some cases, after removing the tumour, chemotherapy can slow metastasis.